Kate Crawford is an academic and researcher who studies AI’s impact on society. She is the cofounder of the AI Now Institute at NYU, which is the world’s first academic research institute dedicated to the social implications of artificial intelligence. In 2018, she partnered with data viz guru Vladan Joler to create Anatomy of an AI System, a research paper and map that forensically analyzes the often exploitative extraction of natural resources, labor, and data to power a single AI system: the Amazon Echo. The project’s 23-by-16.5-foot map of this system has been featured in exhibitions at institutions like the Victoria & Albert Museum, Ars Electronica, and the Milan Triennale. Crawford has presented the project to policymakers at the Hague and the European Union, and has met with world leaders from France, Germany, Spain, and Argentina to discuss her research. She has a forthcoming book on AI and politics that will be published in 2020.