It’s one thing to get a vacationing couple from Oklahoma to check out your exploding-on-the-hour volcano. It’s something else entirely to get them to examine the abstracted forms of a seminal work by Modernist sculptor Henry Moore, Reclining Connected Forms.
MGM Mirage chairman and CEO Jim Murren doesn’t think that’s too lofty a goal for the new $8.5 billion dollar development CityCenter that officially opened this week. Murren’s vision for CityCenter is an urban development, a place of grand boulevards, pocket parks, and world-class art. But Murren’s concept also includes one radical idea: This development would be so transformative for Vegas, so dramaticallydifferent that any other experience, that its exceptional design and fineartworks would actually inspire tourists and residents alike to behave differently. In the heart of the Las Vegas Strip.
“I love what cities provide–that adrenaline,” Murren said as he satdown to take a breath after the opening of the centerpiece ofCityCenter, Aria. “We just don’t have that here, it’s a very suburban environment. It’s the anti-city in a city.” In 2004, the ex-New Yorker reasoned that building the right context to absorb that urban energy through art and architecture–one inspired by great urban environments themselves–might cause vacationers as well as wayward Vegas residents to act, well, more cosmopolitan.
Nancy Rubins’ Big Edge, made from canoes and kayaks
It’s a concept reminiscent of the City Beautiful movementduring the turn of the 20th century, when many of the great parks andpublic buildings in cities like Chicago and Washington D.D. were designed in thehopes that their exquisite looks would hold their citizens to a higherstandard. But City Beautiful only works if the citizens develop somesense of long-term pride for that beautiful city. Whether that willwork in a municipality with a mostly transient population–not just touristsbut many residents who only live there part-time–seems like a job more fit for the contortionists in Cirque du Soleil.
Not to mention an expensive one. Eight buildings by brand-name architects,15 works by famous artists, and hundreds more teams of interior andlandscape designers translated to a healthy chunk of the price tag–theart budget alone topped $40 million. But those big-ticket designers mayhave come at a greater cost, as MGM Mirageplunged into debt during the course of the five-year project. “We werehoursaway from bankruptcy in January and February,” said Murren, who has been responsible for MGM Mirage’s exceptional growth, coming to MGM Grand in 1998, negotiating the merger withMirage, then another acquisition of Mandalay Bay. Murrentapped federal lawmakers, including Democrat Senate Majority LeaderHarry Reid for help in asking the banks to help free up more money forMGM Mirage’s loans (the life-long Republican even appeared in videosfor Reid). A last-minute flush of cash from Dubai World, agovernment-owned developer, brought buoyancy to the last two years ofthe project; Dubai World now owns half of the property and will sharerevenue from the casino. (Although DubaiWorld is now also in trouble, expected to possibly default on $80 billion in loans, CityCenter is reportedly safe.)
Beyond getting the flip-flop-wearing herds to appreciate the Richard Long’s massive paintings of clay and mud, Murren thinks his urban oasis could help stimulate Vegas as a whole by bringing a brand new breed of customer to the desert destination,helping to quell the grumbles that CityCenter’s 6000+ roomscreated a glut in the city.
Murren thinks he can fill those rooms with the true culturati who might not see themselves coming to Vegas at all. This “broader audience of the world,” recognize, say, Ariaarchitect Cesar Pelli’s name from the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur,or appreciate the luxury of Mandarin Oriental’s other high-end properties. “They are vacationers who may gamble,” says Murren. “These arethe kinds of people who stay longer and spend more.”
For Vegas residents, the pitch might be tougher to swallow, especially as CityCenter’s two not-yet-open all-residential Veer towers loom over a city bereft with real estate woes. This is a region which is seeing acrushing 14% unemployment (MGM Mirage recentlyhad to lay off 9,000 employees at other properties). Two luxuryprojects, Fontainebleau andEchelon, situnfinished, and on the eve of CityCenter’s opening, the Saharaannounced it was closing two of its three towersdue to lack of demand. But Murren positions CityCenter’s opening amid financial setbacks as a realeconomic boost for the city. CityCenter created 175,000 jobs during theproject, and Murren seemsupset that he didn’t create more. 50,000 people applied for 12,000on-site jobs, the single largest hiring effort in the country. “Really, I can’t think of a better time to open,” said Murren. Besides, he says, CityCenter has already inspired other pockets of urbanism and development around the city, pointing to a new brain research center in Vegas designed by Frank Gehry, urban study programs at UNLV, and a new building proposed for the local performing arts center.
CityCenter’s civic aspirations aside, Murren also feels someresponsibility to make it the city’s richest cultural center, which it very well might be at the moment. In thisvalley of two millionresidents, and over 35 million annual visitors, there’s no art museum:The 59-year old Las Vegas Art Museum closed its doors February 28. While casinos and resorts of Vegas may have had fantastic art in theircollections in the past–some of CityCenter’s pieces even came from the Bellagio’scollection–it was mostly limited to a gallery setting. CityCenter might be the city’s best hope for a well-curated collection the public can access–a vast 67-acre sculpture garden focused on socially- andenvironmentally-responsible work, where art just happens to be found ina casino, hotels and malls. Murren waves at the work of Maya Lin, whose piece isinstalled on the wall behind him: 3,700 pounds of reclaimed silverdrizzled into the shapeof the Colorado River. “If not us, who?”said Murren. “Who else will bring these artists?”
Maya Lin’s Silver River, evoking the shape of the Colorado River
Don’t get Murren wrong: It’s not all cosmopolitan upper-crust entertainment. Cirque du Soleil makes an appearance with its crowd-pleasing Viva Elvis! and there are universally-intriguing fountains–five!–by the same company who made the Bellagio’s showstoppers, WET. And it’s not to say that Nancy Rubins’ 200+ canoes, kayaks and rowboats exploding into a spiky sculpture in front of the Vdara or Jenny Holzer’s LED-lit VEGAS that streams 18-foot words under a parking arcade don’t qualify as downright spectacle, even if they don’t feature swashbuckling, scantily-clad pirates.
And while it was too soon yet to see if his investment made the intendedimpact on CityCenter’s first trickle of guests, Murren had observed at least one promising moment with an employee.A security guard stationed near Tony Cragg’s sculptures had informedhim today of biographical information about the artist, said Murren.”She had gone home and looked up Tony Cragg on the Internet.”
[Jim Murren photo by Ethan Miller/Getty Images North America]