The number of U.S. workers with full-time jobs who freelance on the side is sharply on the rise.
According to our data here at LinkedIn, the share of those users in our top professional fields has doubled in the past five years. What's more, the number of people freelancing on the side of their day jobs is growing more than three times faster than the number of full-time freelancers on LinkedIn. Here's why.
Who are all these folks? To find out, we started by examining roughly 9,600 of LinkedIn's ProFinder professionals. To be sure, that may be a self-selecting sample, and the way those users choose to respond to survey questions can vary based on professional, social, and regional culture, not to mention personal preference. (Not everyone thinks about freelance work the same way, for instance—some don't even call it "freelancing.") But because they're vetted, qualified freelancers who have purposefully chosen to join the platform, they're among the most committed independent workers in a gig economy that's still very much in flux—which may make them the trendsetters to watch.
In any event, we discovered some interesting patterns. For one thing, it's clear that some people are more inclined than others to add part-time freelancing to their repertoires than others. We've noticed, too, that men are doing more part-time freelancing than women, and millennials are doing so more than any other age group.
Of all the users who list freelance work on their LinkedIn profiles, 20% have a full-time job in addition to their freelance business. That means full-time freelancing still dominates, but the side-gig model is quickly catching up. These are the top five industries for full-time professionals who freelance on the side:
- Financial services and insurance
- Professional services
- Technology and software
The reason is pretty obvious: extra income.
According to our data, a whopping 47% of professionals who are freelancing while working full-time are concentrated in six states with major urban populations: California, New York, Illinois, Texas, Massachusetts, and Florida. Since these professionals are living in some of the most expensive cities in the country, it’s not a wild hypothesis that they're motivated, at least in part, by the need to bring in some extra cash.
According to a recent survey from Payoneer polling more than 23,000 freelancers in over 180 countries, the average freelancer charges around $21 an hour for their services. For those freelancing on the side who are able to squeeze in an extra 10–15 hours of client work each week, that can quickly add up to an additional $1,000 or more in discretionary income every month.
So for anyone whose main source of income isn't keeping pace with their rising costs of living—a situation that describes many Americans yet varies widely from one state or region to the next—part-time freelancing may seem like an appealing option.
That may not be the only motivation, though. Some other immediate benefits to taking on freelance work in addition to your day job include personal branding and networking. It can widen your exposure to different companies, types of work, and people. So if you’re deliberate about working with the type of clientele that will help push your career where you want it to go, you stand a better shot at gaining the clout—and client rolodex—to become the go-to person within your niche.
Part-time freelancers seem to understand this, especially millennials, many of whom have aspirations of making a full-time living as a freelancer. For many, side gigging, is meant to be a stepping stone. They recognize that it’s best to begin with a handful of clients to build their resumes and bulk up their portfolios before making the leap into full-time independent work at competitive rates.
Looking at the demographics of ProFinder professionals, we see a large proportion of full-time freelancers falling in the 45–59 age range. Those people have likely had long careers and built substantial networks in their industries before leaving their corporate jobs to go freelance full-time.
Faced with these patterns, it's looking like traditional nine-to-five jobs may soon become relics of the past. As younger professionals enter the workforce, they're gravitating more toward independent work—in many cases not just out of necessity but deliberately, with an eye toward the types of careers they want to pursue. In the meantime, it seems likely that the ranks of part-time freelancers will continue to swell—even if they don't stay part-time for good.
Gyanda Sachdeva is Director of Product Management at LinkedIn.