How are you feeling? Think for a minute. Is your spine aligned? Do your wrists ache? Any painful twinges in your neck? If you're past adolescence and you work in an office, chances are that something hurts. And if you spend 12 hours a day in front of a computer, as I do, everything hurts.
Sure it's a great productivity tool, but working on a computer can cause Repetitive Stress Injury (RSI) and other '90s ailments such as carpal tunnel syndrome, the nerve disorder caused by the repetitive motions of using a keyboard. For many of us, RSI is an almost inevitable occupational hazard. Unfortunately, finding a preventive isn't as easy as running out and buying a "natural" or "ergonomic" keyboard. The reason: our typing styles and positions vary.
I've been unable to find any conclusive research that points to a single keyboard design that works for everyone. That means it's up to each of us to find a custom fit with our computers. There are no perfect solutions on the market, but here are six tools that should help.
XK99 Keyboard Tray ($380)
Perhaps the best way to prevent RSI is to properly position your keyboard. To get the correct angle, get a keyboard tray. The best I've tried are also the most expensive.
The top-of-the-line XK99 from Ergo Systems looks like a robotic arm that rides on a roller-bearing slide mechanism attached to the underside of your desk. It allows for nearly infinite adjustability. You can lower and raise the tray, tilt it forward and back, and swivel it out of your way. A pneumatic control lets you make these adjustments with the touch of a lever. So even if you type sitting cross-legged, the XK99 helps you position your arms correctly.
Coordinates: Ergo Systems, 860-282-9767; www.ergosystems.com
Ergonomic Keyboard ($225-$345)
There are a dizzying array of keyboard designs on the market. One that appears to reduce muscle strain in people's forearms is the space-age-looking Essential Ergonomic from Kinesis. The keyboard itself looks like a contoured board with two sculpted "keywells" cut into it. The keys remain in the conventional QWERTY layout.
This alien design aims to minimize the strain on your forearms while touch typing. In personal tests the Kinesis keyboard does indeed offer a more relaxed typing environment. But finding your way around the keyboard takes practice.
Coordinates: Kinesis, 800-454-6374; www. kinesis-ergo.com
Cordless MouseMan Pro ($80)
The cord connecting the mouse to the keyboard restricts your flexibility and can thereby contribute to chronic aches in your wrist, arm, and shoulder. A wireless mouse is a good preventive.
Logitech's MouseMan Pro uses radio frequencies to communicate with your PC instead of infrared beams, which require a clear line of sight across your desk. Using the MouseMan is like tasting freedom for the first time. You can get up to six feet away from the transmitter box that connects to your computer; move farther, and old coffee cups and files interfere with the signal.
Coordinates: Logitech, 800-231-7717; www.logitech.com
GlidePoint Touchpad 2 ($60) and GlidePoint Keyboard ($130)
Of course, you can forgo a mouse altogether and get a touch pad. These Uri Geller-like devices enable you to pass your finger over a sensitive surface to move a graphical pointer. Cirque's GlidePoint Touchpad senses distortions in its electrical field caused by your finger, detecting even tiny movements and moving the cursor accordingly. The GlidePoint also has Windows software that tailors the pad to your finger movements. Since it relies on nature's pointing device — your finger — it might be the easiest-to-control input device around. If you spend more time typing than pointing and clicking, consider buying a keyboard with a built-in touch pad. The Alps keyboard sports a GlidePoint Touchpad licensed from Cirque that sits just below the cursor keys. Its location makes pointing easier when you're touch-typing, although lefties won't get much relief.
Coordinates: Cirque, 800-454-3375; http://www.glidepoint.com ; Alps, 800-950-2577; http://www.alps.com
Encore Binaural Headset ($128) and Headset Switcher Adapter ($150)
If you're like me, when you're on the phone you type with both hands and jam the phone's handset under your chin. Result: a stiff neck. You can avoid this malady by using a headset instead of a handset. My favorite model is Plantronics's Encore Binaural with the Headset Switcher Adapter. The headset weighs a mere 2.6 ounces and the 10-foot cord gives enough slack to move about your desk without strangling yourself.
The Headset Switcher Adapter includes a module and connectors for the phone and the PC. Adjust the microphone and earphone volumes independently, switch between the computer and the phone instantly, and mute the sound with the push of a button. In my experience, though, about half the people who buy phone headsets use them for about four days and then abandon them as the gizmo du jour.
Coordinates: Plantronics, 800-544-4660; www.plantronics.com
Blackhawk Joystick ($35)
A couple of hours playing Quake will not only blow off steam, it can also inflict real pain if you're using a keyboard for all that blasting.
A joystick will save your wrists. Advanced Gravis's Blackhawk has a pistol grip and a heavy base for stability. The throttle delivers a smooth response that's easy to get used to. Now all you've got to do is hide it from the boss.
Coordinates: Advanced Gravis, 800-257-0061; http://www.advanced.gravis.com
Sidebar: Assume the (Typing) Position
While there is abundant scientific evidence that computers cause RSI, much of the problem also results from how you use the keyboard. Most important is the angle of the keyboard and its position to the rest of your body. How do you assume the ergonomically correct typing position? Use these head-to-toe tips, which are based on data compiled by Prof. Alan Hedge of Cornell University's Department of Design and Environmental Analysis.
Coordinates: Alan Hedge, firstname.lastname@example.org
Keep your eyes level with the top of the computer monitor's screen. Don't slip into the crane position, with your head and neck leaning forward.
Avoid the Yuppie Hunch. Relax your shoulders but don't let them slump toward the keyboard.
Lean backward slightly, taking advantage of the chair's lumbar support. This relieves stress on your lower back.
Your forearms should remain in a loose, comfortable position. Keep your elbows close to your sides, angled at about 90 degrees.
Avoid putting pressure on your wrists. Rest the palms of your hands on a firm foam pad that's level with the keyboard.
The ideal position is a slight negative tilt of the keyboard toward your desk. This keeps your wrists straight.
Knees and Feet
You don't have to lock your knees into a perfect 90-degree angle to achieve the ideal posture, but it helps. Keep your feet flat on the floor.
A version of this article appeared in the August/September 1997 issue of Fast Company magazine.