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  • 05.07.12

Chinese Political Memes Skirt Censorship To Make Statements

Artist and writer An Xiao Mina talks to Fast Company about the importance of Internet memes in China.

Chinese Political Memes Skirt Censorship To Make Statements

In China, memes aren’t just LOLcats and Nic Cage Photoshop jobs. Internet artists are often subversive and unabashedly stand up for their causes. “Memes are the street art of the social web,” says An Xiao Mina, a digital artist and blogger who spoke over the weekend at the MIT-hosted ROFLcon during a session called “Global Lulzes.”

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Take the case of prominent artist Ai Weiwei. When he disappeared, the Internet and Chinese citizens got up in arms. An image of his face became a symbol of protest and memes began to pop up online. But even memes are very managed in China, An Xiao says. “It’s like the public [physical] space in most part of the world. You just can’t go around screaming fire.”

But because Ai Weiwei’s arrest was such a politically sensitive topic, there was a crackdown. On the controlled Chinese web, Ai Weiwei’s name became a blacklisted search query. An Xiao knew him personally, and it was a frightening time when she realized his name was being stamped out.

“But then I was like, wait a minute, he’s everywhere.”

Chinese supporters of Ai Weiwei continued posting messages using puns on his name and homonyms. The memes took on a subtler, more powerful, and perhaps more enduring form–inspired by Ai Weiwei’s famous sunflower fields installation at the Tate Modern, his supporters started representing the artist by drawings of a sunflower seed.

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The sunflower seeds represented a personal connection between the artist and his admirers. “People would ask about [the exhibit] and he would mail them out [in little packets],” An Xiao said, and they’re also a very common snack in China, “like potato chips.” There was no way the Chinese government could erase references to sunflower seeds. As a single sunflower seed came to represent a symbol of support for the disappeared Chinese artist on the internet, it returned to a form of IRL street art, appearing in street murals on walls and buildings in Hong Kong.

“That was a watershed moment–it’s when I realized [memes were] a thing,” An Xiao said. “It forced the government to have more transparency.”

It’s clear that memes are forging new channels of conversation between Chinese citizens and their leaders. But as to their future? “The verdict’s still out,” An Xiao says,”We don’t know how powerful they’re going to be.”

Nidhi Subbaraman writes about technology and the world. Follow her on Twitter, Facebook, or, Google+.

[Image: Flickr user Ji Ruan]

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