Why Isn’t the Justice Department Pursuing a Real Criminal Investigation Into BP?

A defaced sign at the site of a May 28th protest in New York City

Defaced BP sign


A defaced sign at the site of a May 28th protest in New York City

We were relieved last week when U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder announced that the Justice Department opened a criminal investigation into BP’s involvement in the Deepwater Horizon oil disaster. But our relief may be unwarranted, according to Scott West, the former special
agent-in-charge at the EPA’s Criminal Investigation Division. That’s because West believes there isn’t actually an investigation.

“I won’t say [Holder] is a liar, but he’s certainly practicing deception,” West tells The investigation exists on paper–all the paperwork that goes along with filing an investigation has been completed—but nothing indicates that an actual investigation is underway.

“If there was a bona fide criminal investigation, you would be
seeing a number of special agents knocking on doors and interviewing
witnesses,” West says. No one has come forward to say they have been contacted or subpoenaed, and a grand jury hasn’t yet been impaneled for the investigation. This is a problem, according to West, because if an investigation does begin at a later date, witnesses’ memories of the spill may have already faded. And while the Justice Department has asked BP to preserve documents, there is no reason to believe that the oil company will comply.

West has reason to distrust BP. In 2006, he investigated BP’s involvement in a burst oil pipeline in Alaska. Workers knew that the sludge-filled pipe would burst, West says, but BP ignored their pleas. So West helped launch a criminal investigation. He compiled a massive pile of evidence and a large witness list. “We began to see a pattern of corporate-level cost-cutting putting the bottom line ahead of worker safety and environmental concerns,” he says.

But everything came crashing to a halt in August 2007, when BP pleaded guilty to a single misdemeanor account of negligence under the Clean Water Act. The company paid extensive fines, but West never had the chance to pursue the investigation to its logical conclusion.


After spending so much time investigating BP’s past criminal actions, West wasn’t surprised to learn that the company was behind the Deepwater Horizon explosion. “The day I learned that rig was on fire, I looked at my wife and said ‘I’m
willing to bet you it’s a BP operation’. Then I said, ‘I’m willing to bet that the sinking of the rig resulted
from cutting corners and there will be employees coming forward raising
concerns that were ignored’. Lo and behold, all that has unfolded.”

So why isn’t a criminal investigation being pursued? “Maybe [investigators] have been told some deep dark secret or maybe they’re just afraid of losing their jobs,” he says.


 Read more about the Gulf Oil Spill

Got information on the spill you want to share? Email us at
It’ll go directly to the lead reporter and editor on these stories, and
they’ll assume all initial communication to be strictly confidential.

Ariel Schwartz can be reached on Twitter or by email



About the author

Ariel Schwartz is a Senior Editor at Co.Exist. She has contributed to SF Weekly, Popular Science, Inhabitat, Greenbiz, NBC Bay Area, GOOD Magazine and more.