Urban planners, rejoice! Today, the New York City Department of Transit announced a radical new plan for improving the city’s bus lines: A fully dedicated express-lane for buses, running crosstown on 34th Street. It’s expected to improve bus speeds by 35%, on a route where buses are stationary a whopping 40% of the time. And it marks another huge, bold idea from Janette Sadik-Khan, the DOT commissioner who’s overseen a slew of projects, ranging from the new sidewalk saffolding to a pedestrianized Times Square.
That’s a coup for harried New Yorkers, but there’s a bigger story here, and one other outsize urban visionary: The New York proposal marks a huge coup for an idea that began in Curitiba, Brazil; and then was co-opted in Bogota, Colombia; and it’s now been spread around the world by Enrique Peñalosa, the former mayor of Bogota who’s become a globe-trotting evangelist for better urban planning.
During his tenure as Mayor, Peñalosa installed the TransMilenio system in Bogota (pictured above, via GOOD), which has a slew of innovations, in addition to dedicated express bus-lanes: First, to increase the robustness of the network, smaller “feeder” buses trundle through outlying areas, bringing them to centralized
stations–much like the hub-and-spoke system for airlines, or train
systems across the world. The buses themselves are designed to minimize
waits: The fare is collected beforehand, and the floor of the bus is
low slung, so that passengers can board more quickly. Real-time systems
let riders know exactly when the next bus arrives–a key component in
encouraging ridership. (For our previous coverage of TransMilenio, click here.)
For Peñalosa, the system solved the problem of cheap, scalable mass transit: Bogota is choked with traffic, but Bogota simply couldn’t afford a new subway system. So they had to adopt an innovative alternative. And they found that model in the buses of Curitaba, Brazil (pictured below).
The idea turns out to have been a tremendous success, both in Colombia and Los Angeles, where a version of the TransMilenio, the Orange Line, began operating in 2005. Since then, traffic along its route during the morning rush hour is moving 14% faster, and the rush hour itself begins 11 minutes later.
With lots of American cities finding themselves with the same problems as Bogota, you can bet we’ve only begun to see the influence of the Transmilenio, and Peñalosa.