Financial forecasters foretell that the technology sector leads the economy out of recessions.
Which means we are in for a long one this time.
I decline to scare my fellow technophiles into believing the end is
nigh. It might be … I just lack any specific evidence indicating
eminent doom. North Korea and Iran are persistent wild cards but they
have nothing to do with technology marketing. They are strictly
consumers of high tech products like rockets and reactors.
Yet as recessions go, this one will be worse than average. Today the
Federal Reserve – co-progenitor of the current recession, thank you
Mister Greenspan – downgraded their economic forecast.
Far from being Depression 2.0, the outlook is still glum with
unemployment rates and GDP shrinkage rivaling the late 1970s. The Fed’s
dower description of the economy echoes what Computer Economics predicts
– that the recession will not bottom out until the end of 2009.
Thankfully inflation is not an added factor, but given a couple of
trillion dollars in new national debt, that will come along about the
time the economy revives.
The effects of the recession are already felt in high tech.
During the summer and fall while giving speeches on recessions
marketing, I told my audiences not to believe the overly optimistic
forecasts by industry analyst. Those people are paid to be upbeat even
when their clients are beaten down. Sure as silicon is sacred in The
Valley, analyst fall forecasts are proving to be higher than Peruvian
Look at any sector in IT technology and you will find no sunshine. HP reported today,
and except for services they see slumping sales. Servers down. PCs down
19%. Printer and ink (for Gawd sake) down 19%. In other words, if it is
a commodity or a supply, belt-tightening rules apply and sales have and
will continue to degrade.
What does a marketing executive do during periods of economic
carnage, aside from investing in the Jack Daniels company one bottle at
a time? It largely depends on the market and segments in which you
play, but there are some simple rules for recession survival.
Best buddies: IBM makes about 20% of their annual
revenues off a mere 100 customers. Targeting long-term relationships on
which you build near exclusivity helps. Pick your top 100 and arrange
sit-down strategy meetings to learn their plans and forecasts. They
don’t stop spending during recessions, but they do change their
priorities. Know those priorities and apply them to your top 100 and
perhaps the rest of your customer base.
Sell proper pills: Marketers stereotypically peddle
either pain pills or vitamins (i.e., “we can cure your problems” or “we
can make you a muscle man”). Selling pain relief has the unfortunate
requirement of discussing pain, and unless your particular digital
analgesic relieves your customers of recessionary afflictions, then you
increase their desire not to spend by discussing pain. Switch mainly to
selling vitamins. Show how you can make them stronger in bad times.
Your message will be better received.
Up and away: Sell up and sell laterally into
existing accounts. During down cycles, people don’t want to take on new
technologies because it amplifies risk. However, selling up and selling
sideways is selling into existing accounts where you are known and
trusted. T’is better to sell a low cost add-on module to 100 existing
customers than nothing to 100 new customers.
Socialize: Social marketing works in B2B … believe
it or not. Studies show peer-level recommendations work in high tech.
But you have to instigate and facilitate these conversations. The good
news is that once you learn the ropes, this can be cheaper, faster and
more effective than other forms of marketing. During a recession they
may be imperative as many people resist thinking about purchases until
someone they trust brags about their buy.
Then there are services. It may be too late in the game for you to
invent meaningful sets of new services that have clout in a staggering
economy. But HP’s report shows what IBM figured out a long time ago:
that IT is complex to the point that services are more important than
product (and increasingly so since IT products are rapidly
commoditizing). HP’s services revenues (discounting the effects of
their recent EDI acquisition) crept up.
The take away is this: marketing during a recession requires being
closer to your customers than ever before, be it tapping your top
clients, selling deeper into your base, or becoming a service oriented
outfit. In down times think high context, not high volume.