Expert Adviser Profiles
To winnow our finalists from 51 to the final 25, Fast Company convened 12 panels of experts in the various social sectors in which our nominees worked. Our goal was to gain an unbiased, expert perspective on the work and reputation of each organization. We were also looking for a sense of context in each social sector. For example, given the various competing agendas in, say the field of international development, had our finalists picked problems that mattered? Had they devised strategies that were innovative? Were they sharing the lessons from their work?
Expert panelists reviewed the application packets from each organization and wieghed in with their rankings, which the evaluation team took into account when making final score decisions. Experts were screened for conflicts of interest to ensure they had no ties to the organizations they were evaluating.
Catherine Fitzpatrick is editor of the weekly radio show "(Un)Civil Societies" on Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. RFE/RL is an international media outlet for Eastern Europe, Russia, and Central and Southwestern Asia, funded by the American government. It broadcasts throughout the region in 28 languages, allowing people access to local and worldwide political news. Fitzpatrick lectures frequently on civil society, political movements and humanitarian issues in Eurasia. Before joining RFE/RL in 2003, Fitzpatrick acted as the main UN representative for the International League of Human Rights. Throughout the 1990's she worked at the Committee to Protect Journalists, the Soros Foundation (Open Society Institute), C.S. Mott Foundation, and the Ford Foundation in Moscow. From 1981-1990, she directed research for what is now Human Rights Watch's European and Central Asian Division. Fitzpatrick is a graduate of the University of Toronto and St. Michael's College, Canada.
Makau Mutua is Professor of Law and Director of the Human Rights Center at the State University of New York at Buffalo School of Law where he teaches international human rights, international business transactions, and international law. Professor Mutua has been a Visiting Professor at Harvard Law School, the University of Iowa College of Law, and the University of Puerto Rico School of Law. In 2002-03, while on sabbatical in Kenya, Professor Mutua was appointed by the Government of Kenya as Chairman of the Task Force on the Establishment of a Truth, Justice, and Reconciliation Commission. The Task Force recommended a truth commission for Kenya. During the same time, Professor Mutua was a delegate to the National Constitutional Conference, the forum that produced a contested draft constitution for Kenya. Professor Mutua is the author of Human Rights: A Political and Cultural Critique (2002). Previously, Professor Mutua was the Associate Director at the Harvard Law School Human Rights Program. He was also the Director of the Africa Project at the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights. He was educated at the University of Nairobi, the University of Dar-es-Salaam, and at Harvard Law School, where he obtained a Doctorate of Juridical Science in 1987.
Professor David Downie is Director of Columbia University's Global Roundtable on Climate Change and Associate Director of the Earth Institute's Program in Climate and Society. The Earth Institute is devoted to the interdisciplinary study of the Earth, its environment, and society. Downie also serves as Director of Educational Partnerships for the Earth Institute. He joined the Columbia faculty in 1994 and served as Director of Environmental Policy Studies at Columbia's School of International and Public Affairs from 1994 to 1999. Before joining the Columbia community, he was a consultant with the UN Environmental Program. His research has led to numerous publications, including The Global Environment: Institutions, Law, and Policy, co-edited with Norman Vig and Regina Axelrod and "Advancing Scientific Knowledge Can Structure International Negotiations Toward Effective Policy." Downie received a PhD from the University of North Carolina and attended Duke University for his undergraduate studies.
Thomas Tietenberg is the Mitchell Family Professor of Economics and director of the Environmental Studies Program at Colby College. With areas of expertise ranging from emissions trading to economic incentives for pollution control and fishery management, Tietenberg is well versed in both the biological and economic sides of environmental policy. Tietenberg has consulted on environmental issues for such multinational organizations as the World Bank, the Environmental Protection Agency, and the InterAmerican Development Bank, as well as foreign governments. He has published 11 books and more than 100 articles on environmental policy. Tietenberg's writings include "Empowering the Community: Information Strategies for Pollution Control," and the best-selling textbooks Environmental and Natural Resource Economics and Environmental Economics and Policy. Tietenberg attended the United States Air Force Academy, the University of the East in Manila, and the University of Wisconsin, Madison.
Elizabeth DeSombre is Wellesley College's Frost Associate Professor of Environmental Studies and Associate Professor of Political Science. Her main focus is on international environmental politics and law. Her research projects include the politics of ozone depletion, whaling, international protection of endangered species, the regulation of international fisheries, the use of economic sanctions for environmental goals, the relationship between trade and environment, and environmental, labor and safety standards on ocean ships. Her books include Domestic Sources of International Environmental Policy: Industry, Environmentalists and U.S. Power (MIT Press, 2000), winner of the 2001 Chadwick Alger Prize for the best book published in 2000 in the area of international organization and the winner of the 2001 Lynton Caldwell Award for the best book published on environmental policy.
Founder and President of Family Promise, Karen Olson works to involve religious communities in social activism, especially projects that provide support services to homeless and low-income families. Formerly known as the Interfaith Hospitality Network, the organization was created in 1988 to promote outreach through direct service and advocacy. It now has more than 87,000 participants in 28 states. Olson is considered an expert on the issues of American poverty, faith-based service and the effects on the poor of the President's tax cuts. She has appeared in the Philadelphia Inquirer, The New York Times and Family Circle, among other publications.
Gary Bailey is President of the National Association of Social Workers, the largest membership organization of social workers in the world with over 150,000 members. He is also on the board of the NASW foundation, which is a charitable organization that deals with rapid crisis response, policy, and support for education. Bailey lectures frequently and currently teaches at Simmons College Graduate School of Social Work and Boston University's School of Public Health. He has held numerous administrative posts in the NASW, including Treasurer (1995-97), chair of the Finance and Development Committees, and President of the Massachusetts chapter (1993-95). He was named "social worker of the year" by the NASW and its Massachusetts chapter, both in 1998. Before becoming involved in the NASW at the national level, Bailey was the Executive Director of Parent's and Children's Services of the Children's Mission in Boston for six years. Bailey received his MSW from Boston University and a BA from Tufts University.
Diane Saign, CEO of Catholic Charities of Santa Clara County, oversees more than 220 employees aiding aid the working poor in Santa Clara. Catholic Charities focuses on at-risk youth, caregivers, single parents and newly arrived immigrants who need advocacy to receive living wages, education, and, at times, shelter. Before joining the organization in 1998, she worked as Executive Director of Cupertino's Career Action Center for seven years. Saign also taught math and physical education at a Catholic school and served on its Board of Directors. In the corporate world, Saign managed Technical Training for ROLM Corp. A Senior Fellow of the American Leadership Forum of Silicon Valley, Saign is also on the advisory boards of the Markkula Center of Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University, O'Connor Hospital and Foothill College. Saign received graduate degrees from Stanford University and Santa Clara University.
Bill Edwards is the Executive Director of the Association for Enterprise Opportunity, a national organization that fosters microenterprise development. Before joining the AEO he worked with the US Peace Corps for four years in the Baltic and Washington, DC. Prior to that, he served as Executive Director of Community Service Programs of West Alabama, Inc. In Alabama, he dealt with civil and voting rights issues as well as low-income community development for nearly 25 years. Edwards currently serves on the advisory council for the Social Enterprise Alliance, an organization working to foster sustainable non-profits. He has testified before the House of Representatives' Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship on low-income entrepreneurial development and the need for more accessible funding for such microdevelopers. Edwards received an MSW from the University of Alabama.
Karen Symms Gallagher
Karen Symms Gallagher is the Emery Stoops and Joyce King-Stoops Dean of the Rossier School of Education at the University of Southern California. Before attaining that post in 2000, Gallagher was a dean and professor at the University of Kansas School of Education. The author of Shaping School Policy: A Guide to Choices, Politics and Community Relations and editor of the Politics of Education Yearbook: The Politics of Teacher Preparation Reform, Gallagher has also written dozens of articles for education journals. Prior to joining Loyola University and then Cincinnati College in the 1980s and 1990s, Gallagher was a teacher and principal in Washington state public schools. She has also worked as a policy consultant for the Ohio Commission for Education Improvement. Gallagher lectures frequently on the dynamics of teacher-education reform, education policy and administration reform. Gallagher received her PhD in Education from Purdue University.
A Principal Partner at the Education Trust, Ross Wiener focuses his attention on advocating for underserved students in the public school system. The Education Trust was established in 1990 by the American Association for Higher Education to promote education reform with the support of colleges and universities. Before joining the Trust, Weiner worked as a trial attorney in the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice. His specialty, in the Educational Opportunities Section, allowed Weiner to investigate issues such as desegregation, disability and harassment in schools across the country. Weiner testified in front of the House of Representatives to discuss the Higher Education Act and college graduation rates. Weiner received a JD from the George Washington University Law School.
Judith J. Pickens
Judith J. Pickens serves as Senior Vice President for Program Services at the Boys & Girls Clubs of America. Pickens oversees national programs in five areas: Character and Leadership Development; Education and Career Development; Health and Life Skills; The Arts; and Sports, Fitness and Recreation. Before joining the Program Services department at BGCA, Pickens acted as Director of Career Development, helping to train aspiring Club executives and junior staff. She started her relationship with the Club in 1980, working as Center Director for an affiliate program, the Crime Prevention Association of Philadelphia. She has also been an elementary school teacher and psychology professor at Brandywine College in Delaware. Pickens is a member of the advisory councils for many education programs, including the Character Education Partnership and the Program Group of the National Collaboration for Youth. Pickens received a master's degree from Temple University and a bachelor's degree from Cheyney State University in Pennsylvania.
Pedro Noguera is a professor in the Steinhardt School of Education at New York University, studying urban sociology and the effects of the economy on urban education. He has acted as a consultant to many school districts across the U.S. and has conducted research in the Caribbean and Latin America. Before joining the NYU faculty, Noguera served as the Judith K. Dimon Professor of Communities and Schools at the Harvard Graduate School of Education for three years. He also taught at University of California, Berkeley's Graduate School of Education and acted as Director of its Institute for the Study of Social Change. Noguera has been honored as one of Hispanic Business Magazine's "100 Most Influential Hispanics in the U.S." He has served as an editorial board member of the widely respected Comparative Education Review since 2001. Noguera graduated from UC Berkeley and Brown University.
Richard Schlimm is Executive Director of the Wisconsin Community Action Program Association, an organization that seeks to aid low-income people throughout Wisconsin. He served as the Association's Public Policy Director for three years before taking the top position in 2002. Prior to joining the Wisconsin Community Action Program Association, Schlimm was Executive Director of Advocap, a non-profit anti-poverty agency. He was worked with Advocap in the 1970s, then took time off to help with other organizations before joining back up as ED. Schlimm has also worked with the Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation and the Department of Administration for the State of Wisconsin. He has served on the advisory board of such organizations as the Wisconsin Partnership for Housing Development and the Bethany House Homeless Shelter in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin. Schlimm graduated from the University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee and Oshkosh.
Connie Chamberlain Housing
Connie Chamberlin is President and Chief Executive Officer of Housing Opportunities Made Equal (HOME) in Richmond, Virginia, a position she has held for sixteen years. As President of HOME, she leads an agency nationally recognized for the quality of its housing counseling and fair housing work, and its role in increasing housing choice and improving communities. Connie has served on the Consumer Advisory Council of the Federal Reserve System, and is currently a Funded Consumer Representative of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners. She has been a member of many work groups of the Virginia Housing Study Commission, an arm of the Virginia legislature. She is Vice Chair of the Board of Directors of the Virginia Housing Coalition, and Secretary of HousingVirginia. She was a founding member and served four terms as President of the National Fair Housing Alliance. She has served on many other boards, commissions and task forces related to housing and civil rights.
Monique Cohen is Founder and President of Microfinance Opportunities, a non-profit that supports an agenda for market-led microfinance. Working to allow small entrepreneurs access to assets, risk management, and personal growth, Cohen is currently focusing on microinsurance and financial education for the low-income populations. Before creating Microfinance Opportunities, Cohen served as a senior technical advisor in the Office of Microenterprise Development at USAID. In that capacity she designed and managed the "Assessing the Impact of Microenterprise Services" project. She also contributed to the World Bank's World Development Report in 2000. Cohen teaches at the University of Southern New Hampshire's Microenterprise Development Institute and the Microfinance Training Program in Colorado.
David Brewer is the Chairman of End Poverty Foundation, a nonprofit organization dedicated to the eradication of poverty through empowerment of entrepreneurs in developing countries, and a board member of the SEEP Network. Brewer is also the Managing Partner of Aragon Ventures, a Menlo Park, California, venture capital firm specializing in early stage, high technology companies. Before forming Aragon Ventures, Brewer was a co-founder and the initial President of Inktomi Corporation, an Internet infrastructure software company (now public). In his over 25 years in high technology start-ups, he has also served as president or chief financial officer in a number of early stage companies. Brewer holds a business degree from the University of California, Berkeley, and a law degree from the University of San Francisco.
Amy Conrad Stokes
Amy Conrad Stokes is an independent consultant specializing in youth training companies and arts-related entrepreneurship. Her company, PolyScope Ventures, has worked with a range of start-up and early-stage growth companies attempting to simultaneously manage profit and social missions. Previously she founded and directed, Studio Air, a youth operated design and production business employing an average of 30 teens, aged 13-22. She has also worked for Shorebank Advisory Services and the Strategic Services division of Andersen Consulting. Stokes graduated magna cum laude in Economics and French from Kalamazoo College and is a member of Phi Beta Kappa.
John Du Rand
John Du Rand is President of Americas Group, an association of businesses that give career opportunities to people with disabilities. Fromerly the Affirmative Business Alliance of North America, the Americas Group helps companies recruit people with disabilities and gives support to both parties. Before joining Americas Group, Du Rand was a successful businessman as founding President of Minnesota Diversified Industries, a company that he helped grow from $100 to $60,000,000 in sales. He held his post there for 21 years. Du Rand also worked at Christ Child Services and has consulted to Russian Social Services and the NGO Section of the UN. He has written on such topics as vocational services, entrepreneurial development, and enterprise systems. Du Rand graduated from St. Thomas University and the University of Minnesota.
International Development, Health
Josselyn Neukom, a consultant and analyst with Population Services International, is an expert on reproductive health programs in developing countries and has designed and evaluated numerous ones throughout the world. PSI, a non-profit organization, creates social health programs that address the issue of safe sex through condom use, fidelity and abstinence in more than 60 countries. Neukom studies the effects of social marketing campaigns that aim to increase reproductive health and youth confidence. She oversaw the Social Marketing for Adolescent Sexual Health initiative, as well as an Africa-centered health program and many grant programs. Neukom is co-author of Changing Youth Behavior Through Social Marketing: Program Experience sand Research Findings from Cameroon, Madagascar and Rwanda, as well as numerous other PSI reports. Neukom is a graduate of Princeton University and Dartmouth College.
International Development, Health
Paul Zeitz, President and Executive Director of the Global AIDS Alliance, has spent nearly a decade working in developing countries across Africa, Asia and South America. A medical doctor, Zeitz moved to Zambia with his family for four years in the 1990s, working with the UN Special Programme on AIDS and the US Agency for International Development. He has also worked with the World Health Organization, UNICEF and the CDC. The Global AIDS Alliance, founded in 2001, brings together students, lobbyists, human rights organizations and celebrities to publicize the AIDS epidemic and help orphaned children who have been affected by the global disease. Zeitz graduated from the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine and John Hopkins University.
International Development, Health
John Mason is a professor in the Department of International Health and Development at the Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine. Focusing his research on nutrition issues for women and children in developing countries, Mason teaches courses in nutrition and health policy and studies community-based nutrition programs, international policy development, and nutrient deficiencies. Before joining the Tulane faculty in 1996, he worked with the United Nations as Technical Secretary of the coordinating committee on nutrition, and was Director of the Cornell Nutritional Surveillance Program and a UNICEF nutrition program. Mason has studied child health in Africa and Asia, among other locations around the world. He supervised multiple UN publications on nutrition policy, including the Reports on the World Nutrition Situation and the Refugee Nutrition Information System.
J. Brady Anderson
J. Brady Anderson, a board member at World Vision, lectures at the University of Texas on international development. Anderson was the administrator the U.S. Agency for International Development from 1999 to 2001, directing a $7 billion program in more than 100 countries. He managed USAID's Kosovo relief efforts, including training adults to be trauma counselors for children affected by the war. Prior to his work with the Agency for International Development, Anderson was U.S. ambassador to Tanzania for three years. He also worked with the Wycliffe Bible Translators in East Africa, studying sociology and linguistics. He was assistant attorney general of Arkansas for two years before becoming a special assistant to Governor Bill Clinton in 1979. Anderson received a JD from the University of Arkansas and also attended Rhodes College and All Nations Christian College in the U.K.
Mario Morino is chairman and managing partner of Venture Philanthropy Partners, chairman of the Morino Institute, and a special partner with General Atlantic Partners, LLC. Before retiring from private industry in 1992, Mario enjoyed a 30-year career in information technology, where he co-founded and helped build a corporation that became a market leader and one of the industry's then 10 largest firms in software and services. Since 1992 Mario has focused his efforts on philanthropic innovation to benefit children and families of working poor or poverty backgrounds. In 2000, Mario co-founded Venture Philanthropy Partners (VPP), a nonprofit philanthropic investment organization that provides growth capital and strategic assistance to build, strengthen, and scale community-based organizations serving children of low-income families in the National Capital Region.
Jenny Shilling Stein
Jenny Shilling Stein is the Executive Director of the Draper Richards Foundation, a foundation that funds the most promising social entrepreneurs and their start up nonprofit ventures. In the style of a venture captial firm, Draper Richards chooses a small portfolio of fast-growth, high-leverage organizations and works closely with them in their early years. Shilling Stein's experience includes the business and non-profit sectors. Prior to joining Draper Richards, Jenny was Director of Business Development & Strategic Partnerships at RealNames Corporation where her primary responsibility was the company's relationship with Microsoft. She has worked at Schwab Foundation for Learning and served as a Board Intern at Joint Venture: Silicon Valley Network. Shilling Stein graduated magna cum laude in English and Psychology from Amherst College. She received both her Master of Business Administration and her Master of Education from Stanford University.