Goal: Give sight to the blind
Project: Wicab's "BrainPort"
Seeing happens in the brain, where visual information is processed. So if a person's eyes don't work, visual information can be channeled to the brain through another body part--like the tongue.
A camera image must be transformed into something users can feel--and then "see" inside their heads. "It's like drawing a picture on your tongue," says Wicab CEO Robert Beckman.
The brain almost immediately processes electrical impulses as images. But the images are grainy; learning to use them takes practice. After 25 hours of training, test subjects have been able to differentiate objects, like a mug from a Magic Marker, with 80% accuracy; read individual words on flash cards; and navigate a 15-foot hallway.
1. Improve hardware
The BrainPort  has a handheld remote, so a user can adjust contrast and brightness. The remote needs fine-tuning--more streamlined control knobs and greater durability for the stresses of everyday use.
2. Cut that wire
Big problem: "You have this wire hanging out of your mouth," Beckman says. Doing away with it would make the device more comfortable.
3. Simplify what's seen
"If you display the exact information from the video camera, the information may be cluttered and difficult to use," Beckman says. Software must be refined so the camera highlights only what's most important.
The BrainPort is currently undergoing an FDA study, which should be finished in 2013. If the company gets clearance, the device could be released by 2014.