Pros vs. Joes is a relatively common sporting device--retired professional athletes square off against capable amateurs in a test of athletic skills. But what happens when the Joes in such a pairing also happen to be visually impaired? Swedish agency Åkestam Holst leveled that seemingly uneven playing field with the Pepsi-funded project, The Sound of Football.
The Sound of Football  paired one team of former football pros with another team made up of visually impaired players, and fitted them both with equipment that allowed them to hear, rather than see, what was happening on the playing field around them. The agency hopes that the technology developed for the project will help the visually impaired off the pitch too.
The Sound of Football is part of the Pepsi Refresh project, a 2010 campaign created out of TBWA/Chiat/Day Los Angeles that encourages and funds innovative ideas. The campaign rolled out to more than 25 countries this year.
Via the Sound of Football project, Akestam Holst fitted each player with a blackout visor and a mounted iPhone that fed them audio cues as to where other players, the ball, and the goals were. Created along with creative technology company Society 46  and using 3-D camera technology from Tracab, the project aims to give visually impaired football players a more intense sporting experience using tracking technology and sound, says Åkestam Holst creative director Martin Cedergren. "We want to show that everyone can realize his or her dreams, even if you happen to be young with a disability."
To make this ambitious idea work, Society 46 used the same tracking technology that was used during the 2010 FIFA World Cup to position each player in real time on the football pitch. Sixteen cameras were placed across the pitch at Stockholm's Söderstadion and captured data on the location of everyone on the field. Exact positions and geometrics were extracted and fed into an iPhone application that converted the data into binaural 3-D sound, which gives players a sense of distance. Through headphones each player can hear what's happening around them: A bell rings as a player approaches the ball, a cymbal means they're close to the net, and a thumping drone signals an incoming player. To position sounds within the 3-D environment, developers used FMOD--a programming library for the creation of interactive audio, used in games such as Guitar Hero and World of Warcraft. And player rotation detection was powered by the iPhone's gyroscope and internal compass, making the entire sound landscape change.
Come game time, this new, equalizing piece of kit was met with equal parts anxiety and anticipation. For the sighted, donning a blackout shield and relying largely on their sense of hearing for game play was disorienting. For the visually impaired, it offered a new way to orient themselves in a fast-paced situation. The final score in this tech-enabled mismatch? 1-1.
While The Sound of Football, which was supported by the Swedish Association of Visually Impaired Youth, was a fun experience for the players, Cedergren sees great possibilities beyond sport. "There are a great number of applications for this technology," he says. "We have already started to explore if we can use this technology to help visually impaired people in large public places like train stations. We have thought about skiing, or creating soundscapes in public places. In the future, we want to create new aides that enable visually impaired people to “see” with sound. What would you like us to refresh with 'Sound of' technology?"
The question is not rhetorical. If building the technology was the challenge, then finding new applications for it is the next step, and public submissions are welcome at the Sound of Football site . Discovery will also air a documentary on the project in the coming weeks.
"A project like this is only possible to do when you really find a way to collaborate between people and companies," says Cedergren. "It defines a new way to create communication in many ways."