In 2011, when Google first introduced Google Wallet, the company heralded its mobile payments product as a revolution in e-commerce. Google payments VP Osama Bedier called it "one of the biggest investments" the company had ever made; executives from partner companies Mastercard and Sprint described how it was finally "moving [us] beyond" plastic; and media outlets praised the service as "the future" and "tomorrow's billfold."
But after two years on the market, Google Wallet has made little to no progress in replacing paper cash, plastic cards, and leather wallets. Despite hundreds of millions of dollars of investment, the Wallet app has seen a paltry amount of downloads for a company of Google's scale, and Bedier has since left the company. Bloomberg Businessweek recently reported that Google Wallet is "leaking money" and that "it’s reconsidering or has abandoned projects designed to broaden Wallet’s appeal." What went wrong? Jonathan Wall, the founding engineer of Google Wallet, puts it bluntly: "With Google Wallet, we had one point of failure—the carriers."
It's a refreshing admission from one of the original creators of Google Wallet, who once optimistically called the product the beginning of a "great adventure towards the future of mobile shopping." Indeed, Wall cowrote the original Wallet announcement in mid-2011 in a blog post, where he described the promise of Wallet. Integrated on a select set of Android smartphones, the Wallet app, which took advantage of NFC technology, enabled users to store their credit cards digitally on their mobile devices and use them to wirelessly make in-store payments. At Walgreens, for example, customers could simply grab and swipe or tap their phones at the register to buy goods instead of having to reach for a wallet.
In the beginning, many, especially on the Wallet team, were hopeful that Google could pull it off because of its ubiquity in mobile. "Very early on, as we got started, it was very exciting and people were very interested in the potential of the product," Wall says. "We did bet on NFC; we did bet on new hardware; and at the time, it felt like we could use the leverage of Android against the problem. We thought, Maybe it is realistic."
But even critics bullish on the technology were certain to note that the product was a long shot. The service was too dependent on a string of outside players, including the merchants, the phone makers, the credit-card companies, and most dangerously, the carriers. When the Wallet app rolled out, it was initially only available on the Nexus S 4G from Sprint, but Wall and his cofounder Rob von Behren promised that "over time, we plan on expanding support to more phones."
Reflecting on how that plan went awry, Wall explains, "Ultimately, the carriers perceived this to be their opportunity and use the necessity of hardware to really block the product." Sprint remains the only major U.S. carrier to support the service; AT&T, T-Mobile, and Verizon have instead decided to support Isis, a competing mobile payments service, effectively denying their customers access to Google Wallet (or vice versa).
Ironically, Wall isn't even that interested in mobile payments any longer, calling payments "the least important and least interesting part of a transaction."
"It's an entire industry built on charging small, infinitesimal tolls," he explains. "Everyone says, 'Well, if I can just use my current position to get into the role of erecting my own toll booth, wouldn't that be a great business?'"
Wall, along with Marc Freed-Finnegan, the former product lead of Google Wallet, left Google to start Index, a startup focused on in-store retail and customer data, which is backed by Google executive chairman Eric Schmidt. Freed-Finnegan says payments aren't even much of a pain point, calling Coin, the novel Bluetooth-enabled card unveiled last week, "a slick solution," but not terribly transformative or even necessary.
"Payments work pretty well today—I take out my card and I swipe it—it's pretty fast and easy," he says—a surprising revelation given that he and Wall spent years working on Google's Wallet project.
When I ask whether Google Wallet can be salvaged, the two seem slightly hesitant to prognosticate. "Everything payments related at Google has now been branded Google Wallet—there are a lot of things going on there," Freed-Finnegan says.
Wall is a bit more forthcoming. "Very early with Google Wallet, we saw the opportunity of using data to improve things for retailers and for Google," he says. "We set off to build Google Wallet, but along the way, a lot of leadership got brought on board that had a different view of things. They were maybe more interested in the payment than we were."