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Is There Life After Email? Yes, And It's Amazing

Scott Berkun, author of The Year Without Pants, on his time at, a company that—pinch us—doesn't rely on email.

I worked at, the 15th most popular website in the world to write The Year Without Pants, a book about what we can learn from the amazing and progressive culture they use to get work done. One major challenge I faced there was learning how to work without email. That's right. While all employees had email accounts and were free to use them, they rarely did. I didn't either: 95% of the email I received while employed there was from people at other companies. How, you may ask, can any modern organization function without email, much less one as successful as I'll explain everything you need to know.

But first it's important to recognize that despite our constant complaints about endless piles of useless e-mail, most people I tell about's email liberation are dubious. We have a deeply engrained fatalism about alternatives, which is odd given how prideful we are for being early adopters of new ideas. Email is an old technology, older than the Web itself by more than a decade. If email is broken, why do we cling so tightly to our cc: lines and attachments?

The reasons have little to do with technology: All technologies are good for some tasks and bad for others. If a technology annoys you, it probably has more to do with how the people around you use it than the technology itself. Consider this: For all our technological progress, we've yet to invent anything that makes coworkers write clear, jargon-free paragraphs, or that gets them to actually read, and not skim, the well-crafted things we send their way. It's culture that defines these habits, not the tools. Culture bends technology to its will and not the other way around.

Most of the annoying email in the business world is sent for two reasons:

1. Cover your ass.

Email is broadcast to entire divisions simply to ensure no one can say they didn't hear about a decision. Email is a weapon used for pre-emptive political strikes by the sender, attacking everyone on the to list or distribution list. We hate email because we feel like email victims, at the mercy of self-interested people who do not share our goals.

2. Showing off

For people who don't actually make things for their job, email is the only visible, tangible thing they make all day. Dysfunctional, insecure, cultures confuse the meta-work of email and PowerPoint decks for the actual work of helping customers. In these environments, people feel obligated to send much email and create larger and larger documents to give the perception they're working hard. It's a downward spiral of anti-productivity.

These problems are avoided at because most of the 170 employees do actual work, writing code, designing features, or directly helping customers. And they're empowered to be aggressive in their jobs, making live changes to the service dozens of times a day with no approval chain or executive review board. There's little fear of crossing political turf, and no need to show off because their work speaks for itself. The result is the communication channels have a high signal-to-noise ratio.

The single tool used most often instead of email is, surprise, blogs! There's a WordPress theme designed for teamwork called P2, and it's the dominant type of blog at the company. All the specifications and spreadsheets that might be sent over email at your average company are simply posted on blogs for each team or project. Most discussions happen in comment threads, chat rooms or on Skype. If you care about that project, you follow the blog. If you don't, you don't.

Putting aside for the moment, email has fundamental disadvantages that are rarely discussed:

Email empowers the sender. They can put in your inbox whatever they like and as many times as they like (many receivers use filters and rules as countermeasures).

Email is a closed channel. There’s no way to see an e-mail if you are not on the ‘‘to’’ list, forcing work groups to err on the side of carpet bombing entire project teams, or companies. We all feel only a fraction of email has direct relevance to us as individuals. Email tends to bury people in FYI communication, messages unworthy of inboxes.

Email decays over time. If someone writes a great e-mail, an employee has to do something to preserve it. Otherwise it sits in an inbox, hidden from new employees. Over time, that organizational knowledge fades away.

Blogs, and P2s in particular, are designed to invert these assumptions:

The reader, not the sender, chooses what to read. At I picked which project blogs I wanted to follow and ignored the ones that had no value for me.

The reader chooses how often and in what form he or she wants to read. There are many different tools available for reading blog posts, including, if you really want it, email.

Blogs are easy to access, search, and reference. That great list of ideas you wrote a year ago won't get buried and lost in people's inboxes. As a blog post, it will always be available as a URL and can be searched and skimmed just like all the blogs on the Web you read every day.

Of course, there's more to the story. At, there were no schedules. There were few meetings and fewer rules. And the kicker to all of it was every employee worked remotely from anywhere in the world they wanted. How can this work at all you might ask. I had the same question: which is why I bravely dedicated a year to finding answers. To hear those answers, check out my new book The Year Without Pants: and the Future of Work.

You can even email me about it, if you want.

Scott Berkun is a best-selling author and speaker. Follow him on Twitter at @Berkun.

[Image: Flickr user Christopher Adams]

Add New Comment


  • I agree that email has the problems you mention, making it poor for group collaboration, and that blogs can solve those problems. Moving people from email is not easy tho, especially when culture change is already your main challenge.

    Online groups provide a good alternative, bringing the same advantages as blogs, with much less change to adapt to. Also, you list three problems. I can only count two. This is all explained at

  • Gever Lances

    Email has become a zombie that doesn’t realize it’s dead and falling apart, a vampire that sucks your life’s blood away slowly each night before bed and each morning as you wake.


  • Yuri Zamazeev

    I have a feeling that the author have a dozen of email accounts and use them very actively....

  • Amrit Hallan

    Just as the author says in the beginning, the problem, often, is not with the technology, but with the users and its implementation. The same goes with email. I find email great. Blogs, and even Twitter-like project management interfaces, for the purpose of managing projects, are better for teamworks, but if you're constantly interacting with customers and clients and exchanging bits of information with them, email, as of now, works better.

  • Jim Crawford

    Just curious: How did you get this article to Fast Company? Did you put it in a blog and hope the editor would be among those who was interested? If so, how did he feel about your showing it to the world before Fast Company readers got first crack? What if he hadn't seen the post, at all?

    I'm being facetious, of course. I suspect you emailed it to him as an attachment -- but correct me if I'm wrong.

    You do make many good points about the limitations of email. Email is most certainly old -- I've been using it since 1982 (I'm old, too) when the dominant players included long lost brands such as GTE Telenet, The Source, Compuserve and MCI. Each boasted "over 1 million users," probably all the same people for each. Pre-WWW, none of these systems interconnected other than through the X.400 standard, APIs and painfully complex X.500 addressing. Result: very few users. We early champions of email wore a green button that said simply "1990" -- the year we all hoped email would finally take off. Email's popularity came a bit later, of course.

    Is email now on the way out? If so, we can thank spammy marketers. An FCC rule for email, comparable to "do not call" might help. Short of that, Gmail's recent practice of segmenting emails into primary, social media and "promotions" pigeonholes is a Godsend.

    Old technologies have a way of hanging around or morphing. People still make phone calls, albeit by mobile. You can quickly learn to appreciate a wireline phone when a power outage takes your VoIP out along with everything else on the grid (wireline phones use their own separate power source). Even the individual telegram message survives, albeit in evolved form: SMS. HAM radio anyone?

  • hocestquisumus

    Yes, I hate the 'weapon' factor, too. Some at my company will cc. everything to every higher up they can think of. Cover all bases! If he doesn't respond within minutes, let the wrath of the boss hammer be upon him! 

  • SteveD

    Similarly, all the department blogs in the world won't help, if those that are supposed to be posting to those blogs, don't feel that they are getting the attention they "deserve". They will fall back to spamming everyone in the company with their status updates.

  • ICT17D

    Great article - I'm envious of the no-email culture, but work in a dinosaur of a manufacturingcompany where it's like pulling teeth to get people out of excel and into a relational database.  It's obvious the culture at wordpress was built intentionally, but my question is this: How does a company make such a cataclysmic change in culture? Or, more importantly, how does an individual inside one of those dino-cultures embrace/enact "no email" or "email free friday" or any other lifestyle enhancers? 

  • Scott Berkun

    The book talks about this a bit. My story in the book is the other way: I was trying to introduce more structure into a place that wasn't based on structure.

    Change is always slow and led by people in power. Once a small team that works with different rules shows good results it's easy to get other teams to follow. But someone has to be first and take the risks. 

  • Matt Boyd

    So cool! I've been trying to connect with you for a while Scott. Would love to chat about Sqwiggle. Love your insights here!


  • lacolo

    The beauty of what is described here is not *just* the removal of email, but also of meetings! No longer would one need meetings to update people about things. Love the concept.

  • Stacy Jackson

    Maybe they didn't get the email that the article is supposed to go live today?