The Unspoken Key To Finding Meaningful Work

You can't land a job you love if you don't know how to describe it.

Here's an interesting question: Why are the nation's highest-achieving undergrads flying to finance and consulting?

As Cal Newport observes, the majority of Dartmouth's five valedictorians are choosing those two sectors, while 36% of an entire Princeton class a year ago took finance gigs and 17% of Harvard grads did the same.

Is this, as a David Brooks might say, a brain drain, caused by thinking the only options for elite students are:

  • making buckets of money in finance or consulting,
  • saving the world at nonprofits,
  • for West Coasters, starting a tech company?

Newport, a Dartmouth grad and author of the iconoclastic book So Good They Can't Ignore You, tends to think so.

While he was researching that book—which you should read if you want to be satisfied and employed for the remainder of your life—he says he kept bumping into this realization:

"The current generation of college students has a stunted vocabulary when it comes to discussing career aspirations."

Where's the systemic and systematic curbing come from? Newport contends it's caused by the soul-crushing college admissions process (one which seems to signal that life is much more linear than it actually is) and the "dulling effect" of guru-peddled follow-your-passion flimflammery.

So on one side there are expertly marketed, campus-savvy ready-to-replicate themselves elite firms, and on the other side, vague notions of starving artist follow-your-dreamsiness.

If you were a debt-saddled grad on the make, which would you choose?

Why articulation helps

As we've discussed before, humans aren't very good at understanding (or acting on) things unless they're clearly described, inscribed, and prescribed—which is why apps need to be massively simple, your nebulous emails don't get replies, and you just can't stick to your New Year's resolutions. In other words, unless we can clearly define our choices to ourselves, we can't make informed decisions.

Newport puts it well:

"What we need is more career conversations, started much earlier, handled with significantly more subtlety and intelligence than most 19 year-olds, or the career advice industry that caters to them, seem willing to pursue."

So how do we get more nuanced, subtle, and intelligent about the way we talk about our careers? While this will not be answered in the space of this blog post, Newport has a few suggestions for better questions—and so do we.

1) Cultivating craftsmanship

One of the primary themes of Newport's So Good is that the life-long pursuit of craft is a key predictor of life-long job satisfaction, and if we take craftsmanship to be mastery, it's one of the primary intrinsic motivators Daniel Pink names in Drive. We can take this to be a supply-side factor, that is, you find slowly mastering a skill—be it writing or managing—to be a worth life-long pursuit for you.

2) Uncovering a vocation

But, as our friendly neighborhood finance-and-productivity czar Bob Pozen would say, you can't just consider the supply side, what makes you happy: you also have to make things that people want.

And though we seem to keep forgetting it, this has been known a long time: our man Aristotle said that "where the needs of the world and your talents cross, there lies your vocation," and having a vocation, as opposed to just a job, is a key to meaningful work.

3) Finding the personal-professional alignment

One of the insights that's emerged from the work-life balance debate is that we (perhaps) shouldn't be striving for balance, but rather finding work that "fuses" with your life. As the endearingly badass editor of Cosmo once told us, if you're lucky, they're not that different. It's kind of like running a startup: the greater the alignment, the faster you can move.

4) Sculpting a lifestyle

It's the general traits of lifestyle that bring people satisfaction, Newport says, not the specifics of a given job. So if autonomy, connection, adventure, or influence are the qualities that you worship in your own private shrine, look for gigs that provide those.

5) Identifying your ethic

As we mentioned, if we want to survive in this beautifully strange world of ours, we need to make something it wants. But, if we are privileged enough to do so, we can do something it needs.

Again, Newport:

If, for example, you're talented enough to graduate at the top of an Ivy League class, you need to ask: What is my responsibility to the world? What legacy do I want to leave behind? This doesn't mean you must aspire to become the next Paul Farmer. On the other hand, it might mean that helping a hedge fund make a small number of wealthy people slightly more wealthy does not make the cut.

So what does make the cut? That's a matter of doing work worthy of a lifetime. Thankfully, brilliant people have thought about this before.

Hat tip: Study Hacks

[Image: Flickr user Tim Green]

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  • Wavy Curls

    Its a wonderful article drake...
    Yes, even i have been giving a lot of thought since some days, people getting into the same kinda jobs just blindly following, rather than being innovative and start doing something new and work on their passions...

  • EssaySnark

    We work with people trying to get into the top MBA programs and a big component of many bschools' applications is the career goals essay. It's interesting to watch the trends in what people say they want to do. Pre-2008 everyone wanted to go into investment banking or hedge funds. Then came the market crash and suddenly social enterprise became trendy, with venture capital and private equity also popular, and i-banking still common. Over the past three years, everyone wants to be an entrepreneur, which is exciting but seriously difficult to pull off (and probably not all that believable as a viable goal for most). Now it's strategy consulting, strategy consulting, strategy consulting.

    So basically, yeah, everything that David Brooks said.

    Of course, bschool generally attracts people who want to get rich so this isn't the same population as all American undergrads. But still, there's very little variation. The trends change over time but the crowds run together.


  • Leanne HoaglandSmith

    If people do not know their talents are, it is very difficult if not impossible to create alignment.

    Also, many young people still believe in the resume gets you the job. Wrong, your network gets you your ideal job or provides the stepping stones to eventually get that job. High schools should be teaching about how to build an effective network. What I do when working with young people stress the importance of that network and including how to build that community specifically through LinkedIn.

    Finally, success in life and business is all about self leadership. If you cannot lead yourself and the tips you are provided are all linked to self leadership, you cannot lead anyone else.

    Leanne Hoagland-Smith
    CRO & Heurist

  • Wavy Curls

    Very true Leanne.. networking is the most powerful weapon to get to places...

  • Suniti Bandaranaike

    Leanne I like your comments. I'm in charge of a placement subject at my university and I speak to my students about the importance of networking before graduating. Even with getting the best placements it is all to do with networking. Thank you for emphasising that in your response.

  • Angela Tanudjaja

    I don't think that it's a "matter of doing work worthy of a lifetime" as much as it is a matter of how you can completely be 100% in the moment and also deliver 100% of yourself. The things in the numbered list are accurate in describing ways to get there. It's like in that book Flow by Mihaly where the moment we are most productive is when we're fully immersed in the moment. To get there, we have to find a way to spend that moment. 

    I think for people to better communicate and understand each other, we should still try and simplify everything, but we should also learn to communicate with the present, and not think in terms of a time zone (future, past) that is within your head. 

    So it's really not about what legacy or if your work is worth doing your whole life, but more on how you can be happy and peaceful with where you are in life and continue staying that way. 


  • Roark Pollock

    Drake, you hit the nail on the head - it's all about alignment! Just like we have to align our products to a customer need, we can align our passions and talents to the world's needs.