Hydra's Solar-Hydrogen Power Makes Clean Water From Dirty at 20,000 Gallons a Day

hydra water

For the one in every eight souls around the world lacking access to pure drinking water, how about this: A solar-powered water purification system that spits out pure water, hydrogen and, just for kicks, electricity too. Could it get any better than that?

The device is called Hydra, and like its many-headed mythological namesake it truly serves a multitude of purposes: As its press release notes, "imagine a single trailer-mounted device that turns scum into over 20,000 gallons of pure water a day, stores electricity better than a battery, makes medical-grade oxygen, and runs on the sun." That's quite enough benefits from one device, thankyouverymuch.

It works on a very simple, long-understood principle: electrolysis. This is a chemical process by which water molecules are split or decomposed into their component parts, which is two atoms of hydrogen and one of oxygen for each molecule--the magic happens when you apply high voltages to electrodes suspended in water, with gas collection systems at the top of each electrode (one for each gas). In Hydra, the electricity is provided by a giant solar cell, and the gasses are stored in tanks. The next step of the complex system takes the hydrogen and uses it to drive a fuel cell (meaning the system works even when the sun isn't shining). This generates electricity, which can be used locally and also drives a water purification system.

The products are exactly what you may expect: Oxygen to help with medical problems, electricity for any number of purposes, and pure water at a phenomenal rate. The version shown in the video is just the first working prototype, but when it's productized and put on sale for $100,000, the device will be designed to be resilient and portable, with the notion that it can be deployed to difficult locations, and even be airdropped into disaster zones to aid survivors.

But how does Hydra compare with other systems out there that offer some of the same benefits? The highest profile one of these is probably Dean Kamen's Slingshot system, thanks to his celebrity and bold claims. It works on a different process (vapor compression distillation) which is, like the system behind Hydra, nothing new. What is new is Kamen's optimization of the process so it can work from pretty much any polluted water supply, uses just 2% of the energy of previous purifiers like it, and will result in a system that an supply about 1,000 liters of water per day for a $1,000 to $2,000 per-unit cost. It's powered by a Stirling engine, which needs fuel to burn--but the fuel can be almost anything, including cow dung, and the engine also supplies spare electricity.

So Slingshot does compare well to hydra, but doesn't have all of the exact same benefits, or tremendously high water through-put from a fuel-less system. Hydra's another tool that'll be of extreme importance in future emergency relief situations--though, like Slingshot, it's all about how you utilize this tech that'll really save people's lives: Drop a Hydra or a Slingshot into a disaster area, with a couple of hundred Hippo Rollers so that folk can get the water safely back home, and now you're talking real solutions.

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3 Comments

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  • kafantaris

    Here is an excerpt that might be of some relevance to this article. It is taken from a letter to the President on his visit to Youngstown May 18, 2010:

    No, we do not make much steel here anymore, but God has blessed us with something almost as good: natural gas, and some 168 trillion to 516 trillion cubic feet of it in Eastern Ohio and Western Pennsylvania. It is 1500 feet below our feet in a gas reserve known as the Marcellus Shale.

    A drilling technique developed two years ago has double the production of gas wells. Indeed, it has even resurrected dead wells and brought them back to life at twice their original capacity.

    To accomplish this we must pump a million gallons of water in each well. The problem is that when the water is pumped out, it is salty. Since we cannot dump the brine on the ground, we have been hauling it away for treatment. Some of it is treated here in Warren, Ohio, at the city’s water treatment plant.

    Just two weeks ago, however, a ray of hope appeared. Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, discovered an inexpensive metal catalyst for generating hydrogen from
    brine. This catalyst is 70 times cheaper than the finicky platinum one which is used now. For more information, see http://news.sciencemag.org/sci...

    It appears that this new catalyst can make it possible for us to turn the brine from our gas wells into hydrogen. The hydrogen in turn can be injected into ground-up woodchips, grass, or such other bio-matter to make diesel fuel. The hydrogen can also be mixed with other fuels to enhance their thermo efficiency. In the near future the hydrogen can even power our cars, trucks and trains. And let us not forget that presently the cheapest way to make hydrogen is from natural gas, of which we should soon have plenty.

    There are legitimate concerns, however. Farmers near the gas wells fear that the new drilling technique will contaminate their water supply. We respect their worries and want no part of any contamination. We are thus seeking guidance from your Department of Energy to help us minimize the risk of this happening. After all, clean water is our most vital natural resource.

    On the other hand we will be foolish not to utilize all available technology to tap into our enormous gas reserves. Doing so will provide jobs and fund our cities. Hopefully, it will also bring back our young people who have left for opportunities elsewhere. Our sons and daughters do not live here anymore. Neither do their friends. Yet, it was our schools and cities that invested in their education and upbringing.

    To be sure, tapping our gas resources is important to all of us, young and old. It is also important to your Administration’s goal of energy independence. The Marcellus Shale holds enough natural gas to supply the entire United States for 20 years.

    With the same dedication that we had made all kinds of steel the past hundred years, we are now ready to shift gears to make all kinds of energy -- from our very own soil, using our own wits and efforts.

    Please join us.