Fast Company

Why NYC's New Dedicated Crosstown Bus Lane Owes a Debt to Bogota, Colombia

How one brilliant idea has traveled from Bogota, Colombia all the way to New York City.

Bus

Urban planners, rejoice! Today, the New York City Department of Transit announced a radical new plan for improving the city's bus lines: A fully dedicated express-lane for buses, running crosstown on 34th Street. It's expected to improve bus speeds by 35%, on a route where buses are stationary a whopping 40% of the time. And it marks another huge, bold idea from Janette Sadik-Khan, the DOT commissioner who's overseen a slew of projects, ranging from the new sidewalk saffolding to a pedestrianized Times Square.

Bus Station

That's a coup for harried New Yorkers, but there's a bigger story here, and one other outsize urban visionary: The New York proposal marks a huge coup for an idea that began in Curitiba, Brazil; and then was co-opted in Bogota, Colombia; and it's now been spread around the world by Enrique Peñalosa, the former mayor of Bogota who's become a globe-trotting evangelist for better urban planning.

Bogota

During his tenure as Mayor, Peñalosa installed the TransMilenio system in Bogota (pictured above, via GOOD), which has a slew of innovations, in addition to dedicated express bus-lanes: First, to increase the robustness of the network, smaller "feeder" buses trundle through outlying areas, bringing them to centralized stations--much like the hub-and-spoke system for airlines, or train systems across the world. The buses themselves are designed to minimize waits: The fare is collected beforehand, and the floor of the bus is low slung, so that passengers can board more quickly. Real-time systems let riders know exactly when the next bus arrives--a key component in encouraging ridership. (For our previous coverage of TransMilenio, click here.)

For Peñalosa, the system solved the problem of cheap, scalable mass transit: Bogota is choked with traffic, but Bogota simply couldn't afford a new subway system. So they had to adopt an innovative alternative. And they found that model in the buses of Curitaba, Brazil (pictured below).

Curitaba

The idea turns out to have been a tremendous success, both in Colombia and Los Angeles, where a version of the TransMilenio, the Orange Line, began operating in 2005. Since then, traffic along its route during the morning rush hour is moving 14% faster, and the rush hour itself begins 11 minutes later.

With lots of American cities finding themselves with the same problems as Bogota, you can bet we've only begun to see the influence of the Transmilenio, and Peñalosa.

[Via StreetsBlog]

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1 Comments

  • Nicolas Costa

    This looks SO MUCH like a political propaganda, since Peñalosa is one of the candidates running for president for the upcoming elections this next August. And since it really really wasn't his idea in the first hand.

    Btw right now Bogotá is on chaos because the small transporters went on a strike since monday, claiming that the next step of all this project that started years ago with the transmilenio, is leaving them aside of the business.

    The Transmilenio model has been taken to all the important cities in Colombia. We have at least 4 cities that are already building the highway network and are expected to start functioning this year. Barranquilla (Transmetro), Cali (Mio), Cartagena (Transcaribe), among others.