More than 11 million people are employed in management occupations. 40% are women, but of the 12 companies (2.4%) have female CEOs.
Companies with at least three women on their board averaged a 16.7% return (45% better than the typical company).
Women hold 15% of all board seats at Fortune 500 firms.
According to a 2008survey, 43% of Americans don't like their bosses' management styles, while 55% agree that "people don't leave companies, they leave managers."
Average U.S. Income 2007
Across all occupations: $40,690
Management jobs: $96,150
For CEOs: $151,370
For S&P: $8.8 million
Last year, the highest-paid CEO wasLawrence J. Ellison, who made $192.9 million (most of it stock options).
Of the 6,000-plus NYSE and Nasdaq-listed U.S. companies, 98 were run by CEOs under the age of forty at the end of 2006.
Just one — Julie (age 33) Smolyansky (CEO of dairy-drink maker Lifeway Foods) — was a woman.
32% of employees defy orders from their bosses although 86% of Americans give their superiors high marks.
11% of CEOs at S&P 500s hold Ivy League undergrad degrees. The most common alma maters? Harvard, Princeton and the U. of Wisconsin, each of which produced 12 chief execs.
Hallmark increased its line of National Boss Day cards by 90% in 2007.
A version of this article appeared in the October 2008 issue of Fast Company magazine.